Civil Law

Civil law deals with dispute resolution. This covers a broad range of specific areas, and civil lawyers (a.k.a. litigants) generally specialize in one or two practices. A civil defense attorney can be found in the courtroom representing a defendant in a medical malpractice suit and the next day they might deal with a dispute concerning environmental law.

Think of it this way: Many centuries ago, you might have witnessed two champions, each selected by someone involved in a dispute, fighting each other. The champion who won the fight essentially won the dispute for the person who hired them. These champions, assuming they survived, might have gone on to work for another person who had an entirely different dispute to settle.

Today’s litigants act in a very similar capacity, but without the literal bloodshed and the clanging of weapons on shields. Note that civil law concerns matters which do not include criminal charges like murder, armed theft, arson, and so on. That’s the realm of the criminal lawyer.

Before you start calling and sending out emails, it is best to try and understand exactly what a civil law attorney does in their job.

Civil lawyers represent clients in lawsuits as opposed to criminal trials. In general, one lawyer won’t practice both civil and criminal law. A victim has to hire their own civil lawyer, which means you’re not entitled to a lawyer provided by the court in a civil case.

If litigation concerns money at stake, you want a civil lawyer. You won’t go to jail if you lose a civil suit, so stick with a litigant. (Talking of which, a civil lawyer can represent either defendants or plaintiffs.)

You may have heard the term “insurance defense lawyer.” This refers to an attorney who specializes in representing defendants in civil cases regarding insurance claims. They are often hired by insurance companies to represent a business or individual who has been sued on a claim covered by an insurance policy.

Find Good Legal Services Abroad

Areas of Specialization

One of the travails of establishments operating in a foreign country is finding good legal services. Lawyers usually specialize in one particular type of law, or other related areas. A lawyer may generally work on immigration cases, while another one may be a tax specialist. Note that there are lawyers who only render advice to their clients, and not represent them to actual court litigation.

General areas of legal practice include: personal injury, criminal law, tax, employment and family law. It is best to choose a lawyer that specializes in one’s legal concern and one that has a firm foundation in the laws of the host country.

Different Types of Lawyer

Foreign Legal Consultants may be classified as lawyers working for international law firms based in foreign countries. These attorneys may advise clients regarding the requirements and conditions of the host country’s law, but they may or may not be licensed to practice law in the country where they are based. If court representation is needed, a licensed lawyer in the country where he works is required.

Solicitors and Barristers are specialized lawyers who may be practicing in foreign countries. Solicitors generally do not represent clients in court, but advise them, and may put together legal cases for barristers to take to court.

Notaries usually do the functions of attorneys, but depending on the country they practice, their job description may vary. Notaries may draft transfers of property titles and wills. In some countries, notaries are Ministry of Justice appointees and may act as administrators in estate settlements.

Where to Find a Lawyer

Searching for a lawyer in a foreign country is no longer too tasking. Overseas embassies and consulates of most countries have listings of local lawyers who have expressed their willingness to assist citizens of another country. For example, an American in Thailand may go to the U.S. embassy and he will be furnished with a copy of local lawyers willing to assist a U.S. citizen.

There are international bar associations with local chapters that could help foreigners with their legal problems. Most of these associations and similar organizations have standing agreements with accredited members in other countries.

Law firms maintain websites. This should make it doubly easy for anyone needing legal counsel to find a qualified lawyer through this mode.

Law schools have credible law professors who may be practicing or may know a practicing lawyer in his circle. If the legal advice and drafts are needed, senior law students could handle these requirements.

Surely local contacts could refer qualified lawyers to meet one’s legal requisites.

Legal Aid Society

Some of the typical civil cases that legal aid society handles include but are not limited to:

• Landlord-tenant disputes
• Domestic abuse protective orders
• Bankruptcy
• Family law-divorce, domestic violence, and child support
• Immigration-securing the appropriate documents in order to remain in the United States, contest deportation
• Elder law-preparing wills, health care proxies, powers of attorney, helping them apply for public benefits

The cases they do not handle are criminal cases. The services offered by legal aid society range from advice and information to representation throughout the entire case. Sometimes seminars are offered to help inform the local residents about their legal rights. They will also answer basic legal questions at seminars.

Although the process to determine eligibility varies by jurisdiction, there are general steps that have to be taken in each case. The main step is to do an evaluation of the client’s assets and income. The reason is that in order to qualify for a pro bono attorney their total household income has to fall below a threshold that has been pre-determined. In the case of domestic violence or divorce situations, legal aid society may consider the spouse’s income to determine the household income. This can happen if it appears that the client does not have access to the spouse’s income. The one exception to meeting low-income requirements is victims of domestic violence, as legal aid society does not usually verify their income. The reason is that a victim of domestic violence may need urgent legal assistance like getting a protective order against the abuser.

If the applicant meets all of the eligibility requirements, the services they receive from legal aid society will be free of cost in most cases. A client may still have to pay the mandatory filing fees but there may be a fee waiver. This waiver is a request that is filed by the client requesting that the court waives the filing fee for their case. The court will generally waive the fee if they determine that the client is unable to afford the filing fee.

Law 101: The Most Popular Fields Of Law

Butler Law Firm

Law is a vast field since it almost covers everything. And even if you study for years, it is challenging to explore everything; it is impossible. To become the best, one needs to focus on one or a few utmost so that he can become an expert in the field. Lawyers have a never-ending study of the law, and they are always in pursuit of more knowledge to become better. Even for most law firms like the respected Butler Law Firm, their field of expertise is not on everything but distinct areas only.

If you are a lawyer, then you must be familiar with all the different fields of practices, however, if you are a client or a potential one, it is best to familiarize yourself with the major or most popular ones, so you know what to look for when you need legal help. Here are some of the famous areas of study of law and what they do in their respective fields.

Banking and Finance Law

Banking and finance alone are a vast field. It mainly focuses on the regulation of financial products. A lot of practices focus on loan transactions wherein others serve as advisors to banks and other legal institutions. They also specialize in financial arrangement for multiple jurisdictions. Most of the time, finance attorneys are also business-minded as they deal with different kinds of business financial situation a lot.

Corporate Law

How many companies are currently operating all over the world? There are thousands if not millions. All of these companies need lawyers for their legal affairs. Corporate lawyers are often engaged in the functions of a company, their transactions, and their matters both internally and externally. For medium-scale to large scale companies, they often employ a lawyer who works for the company due to their many dealings. They give legal advice to the board on how to go about with their decisions to avoid any litigation. In cases when it is unavoidable, they offer their best assistance to ensure that the company do not lose much and will not lose their reputation.

Criminal Law

Criminal law is perhaps one of the most popular fields there is since it deals with all sorts of crimes and their corresponding consequences. Since there are millions of crimes committed every single day, criminal lawyers are always in demand and their services are ever needed. For any help you need for different crimes, even simple ones such as Driving While Intoxicated (DWI) or over speeding, you may visit our firm so we can offer you our full assistance.

Family Law

Family law is one of the most important fields. Attorneys in this field are responsible for dealing with every family matter even before it reaches the court. It also handles domestic relations including marriage and divorce. One of its most important roles is child law as it deals with the rights of every child.

Property Law

Property law, on the other hand, deals with every single matter relating to different types of properties. It includes immovable ones like land buildings as well as personal features such as the movable ones and intangible properties like intellectual property. It is not limited to buying, selling and transfer of properties.

All about Law Enforcement Investigator

Interviewing potential suspects:

In order to find out who the actual culprit is, the investigator will need to interview various individuals associated with the crime. He will also need to verify the location of the prime suspects at the time the crime was committed.

Interviewing witnesses:

Investigations also include checking out if any witnesses can provide information that will help reveal the identity of the culprit.

Examining records:

The investigator will need to examine database and records to carry out background checks of people associated with the case.

Providing updates:

Regular updates will need to be provided to the police department regarding the progress of the case.

Maintaining records:

Records of the investigations will need to be maintained so that they can be produced as and when required.

Testifying in the court:

The investigator may be required to testify for the case in the court of law.

Let us see how private investigators help law enforcement authorities:

Gathering evidence:

An investigator collects sufficient evidence using ethical means. This is used by the authorities to press charges and make the arrest. This evidence may need to be presented in the court of law as well.

Manpower support:

Many a time the police authorities have too many cases to handle. In such cases, they hand over the responsibility of investigating certain cases to private investigators. They collect evidence, interrogate witnesses, etc. so that the authorities have time to pursue more important cases.

Different Approach:

Since a private investigator works with an approach that is different from that of the authorities, the case can be viewed from a different perspective. Moreover, they may be more experienced in certain types of cases than the authorities.

Interviewing witnesses and locating people:

Many people are not comfortable in talking to authorities. In such cases, the services of a private investigator are very useful. This is because they can locate and interview witnesses. They can easily serve warrants, subpoenas, etc.

Info of Technology in the Legal Sector

As technology progresses at this pace, we should probably look at what this means for the legal sector. Firms all over the world are adopting and investing in new technology to effectively compete with the other competition out there. Not only do they need to use this technology to compete with other firms, but clients are wanting more and more engagement with technology in all of the sectors of business. In this respect, the legal sector is quite far behind but they are catching up rapidly.

According to SEO experts, voice searches are expected to take over. With Siri and Alexa already setting the bar very high, and voice searching are expected to account for 50{fc9b9e645cfa3f0260113bd55c8ac632406804c28cdcfa479fb39914c8692a21} of online searches by the year 2020. You may be wondering how this can affect the legal sector. Because a quarter of all voice searches are for local information, it is likely that people will be searching for information on local lawyers. This means that law firms will have to make sure that their websites and online presence are adapted to be found in this way. Law firms will already be used to optimizing their page for traditional searches, SEO for voice will be slightly different. It is worth finding out what the difference is and how you can get prepared.

Law firms should also expect to get used to the idea of automated technology. The Law Society has predicted that this type of technology will take over 67,000 jobs in the legal sector by the year 2038. Although many people are worried that this means they’ll lose their jobs, they need to remember the positives to this. Machines can take on a lot of the legal work that often slows law firm employees down and therefore make them more efficient and better able to take on important work. Service automation will help increase productivity and will help law firms be able to take on more and more work, without any extra strain on their employees. This means that you should expect a rise in the number of cases that law firms take on, as well as how much they do in advisory capacities.

Virtual and augmented reality are fast becoming commonplace in a lot of other sectors, but it is one piece of technology that law firms don’t seem to have adopted just yet. This could all be set to change, however, with the law sector finally coming on board with this technology. It is expected that virtual and augmented reality will be used to help with client recruitment and engagement. It is also expected that law firms can use these types of technology to help with staff recruitment and training. It means that training sessions can be delivered via AR or VR and won’t take the employee away from the office for as long as if they were going away to train. This will help lower costs and make sure that people are being trained fully and effectively.

Probate Attorney

Although this is not required for them to do so sometimes they will be the executor of the will, especially if the deceased has named them as the executor of their estate. When they are the executor of the will they will manage the distribution of any assets the deceased has left behind. Some of his duties can be helping to change the title on some property. It can also be helping to move assets into the person’s name who inherited the items. The probate attorney is also responsible to make sure that all of the funds are accounted for along with the taxation aspect of the will and estate. When the probate attorney is the executor of a will they are generally paid a nominal fee, which could be a percentage based on a percentage of the estate or a flat fee. It is a fee that is separate from the one for preparing the will.

To become a probate attorney you will first have to have a bachelor’s degree and graduate from law school, which can take up to ten years. Before you can apply to take the bar exam you will have to have acquired a specific number of hours work experience for a law firm. Each state has a specific number of hours. Once you have met this requirement you can take the bar exam.

As an added bonus you should have good interview skills. When discussing any requests to change a will or when creating a will having persuasion and oral communication skills can be very helpful. When starting work as a probate attorney many will work as a junior attorney for a law firm that deals with probate work. They will be the ones that review wills, doing paperwork that involves the execution of an estate, and fulfilling change requests. They will also learn how surrogate court works.

Careful Analysis

The validation of different points in a case proceeding justifies the rationale of the argument. The judge listens closely to the arguments made by the parties. Every action must be properly outlined within the scope of the law. The existence of proofs and how it relates to the reality of a particular case will highlight the effectiveness of a lawyer. This is the high voltage situation and the legal team that you hire is basically the link that may either strengthen or weaken the case. It is the ability to control the different parameters of the argument in a legal trial.

Determination along with diligence is a critical success factor in controlling the nitty-gritty of the case. The quality of argument will vary from one case to another, however the authority with which the legal team can present the case of their client will offer better reflection of their action in a particular situation. This requisite having the skills to professional exhibit the circumstances in a rational way; do justice to your choice of selecting the legal team that can be of all-embracing support. The authenticity in relationship always produces positive outcomes.

In life we are all dependable on others in some capacity. However the quality of dependency is also vital. In the realm of law, you depend on your legal team to take you out of troubles circumstances. This relationship is built on a very delicate thread. The ability of the legal advisor to design a relevant risk perception model is highly influential. This is only doable when an expert is handling your case. You need to see the broader picture of the situation and choose the most favorable solution.

In business situations, the legal team is more than simply advising the management in making rational decisions. Sometimes the technicalities of the issues are better understood and interpreted by a legal expert. The blurred vision can be highlighted and all the gray area can be removed by a legal expert.

You are the judge of your situations and the issues that are haunting you. High quality legal assistance is necessitated, since many things are at stake. It is all about setting the right priorities for the client. The value that you seek from legal support is reflected on the outcome, isn’t it? Learn to be appreciable in having the right type of service that can help your cause.

When you are in deep trouble and nowhere to go, the legal advisor and advocates can construct the right path for you. Your legal situation must be expertly provisioned within the scope of the law. All the finer details must be effectively presented that can reinforce your case. An excellent legal assistance helps the client to toughen up in facing any outcome. The court will look for approval of your innocence through the eyes of law. The eyes that closely monitor your case must be immaculate. Any point missed can be detrimental for your cause. The ability to firmly defend the client is a foremost task of the legal team. The quality of an efficient legal team can be determined by their past record. It can reveal a lot about their ability and skill to offer customized results to their clients.

Juvenile Court

In most places, if the person is at least an adult, cannot be referred by one of their family members to court but if they are a minor they could end up in court after being referred by their parents. Some minors can even be referred to juvenile court by some school officials. A minor, same as an adult, could end up in court after they have been accused or caught in the act of committing a crime.

When a minor goes to court their case is often handled differently than an adult’s case. An example is that typically adults are arrested for their crime but a minor may simply be taken into custody to be questioned. If the minor does have to appear in juvenile court the case is normally heard by a judge. For most crimes the minor is not given a jury trial in most places. The juvenile court can consider many factors to decide the course of justice. They may consider the circumstances that surround the act and whether or not the minor has a previous history of being delinquent. The judge may consider their school records and even their medical history when deciding how to handle a particular case. He may also look at the minor’s home life.

There are some cases in which the minor could end up in adult court instead of juvenile court. If the minor is accused of committing murder, there are some jurisdictions that allow the minor to be tried in adult court. This being tried in adult court is usually reserved for minors who are at least in their teen years and have also committed willfully serious acts.

Value an Estate

Get the details.

To work out the value of the estate, you will need details of all assets e.g. bank accounts, savings accounts, property, etc. You will need details of all debts e.g. utility bills, loan repayments, mortgages, etc. and all significant gifts they gave away in the last seven years before they died. This means you will have to write to the asset holders and ask them for the value of the asset at the date of death. You are trying to ascertain the value of the estate at the date the deceased person passed away. This is an important point as some assets will increase in value, e.g., a bank account gaining interest.

Money in a joint bank account or owned jointly will automatically pass to the other owner or owners, half of the money will need to be added into the calculation for the estate.

Tip: To value non-monetary assets (cars, antiques, etc.) it is recommended that you use a professional valuer if the asset is worth more than £500.00. If the deceased left a lot of belongings such as furniture, jewellery, etc. you can hire a professional valuer who will value everything at once and provide you with a succinct report.

Tip: You will need to get three valuations of any houses from three different estate agents and then use the average to give you a figure for the property.

Total up the assets and the debts. Add all of the assets together to reach the total asset figure and total up all of the debts to reach the total debt figure.

To find the value of the estate, you will need to subtract the debts from the assets. Take the total debt figure away from the total asset figure to be left with the final value of the estate.

Assets – Debts = Estate value.

If the estate value is over £325,000.00 then usually you will need to pay inheritance tax. For more information on when and how to pay inheritance tax.

Regardless of whether or not you need to pay inheritance tax if you need a grant of representation you should fill out the right inheritance tax form. This needs to be completed to obtain the Grant.

If there is no inheritance tax to pay, but you need a grant, then you need to fill out form IHT205. If there is any tax to pay you will need form IHT400.

Send in the forms when you apply for the grant of representation. You should send your application to your local Probate Registry.